CALPOL Cold and Flu

Common colds in children – and how to manage it

Colds can affect people of all ages, but infants and children generally catch colds more often than adults. However, there are steps you can take to make them feel more comfortable if you notice cold or flu symptoms in children.
Coughs and colds in children are rarely serious and most colds get better on their own without treatment.
CALPOL Cold and Flu
Note: the content of this article does not replace the advice of your healthcare practitioner. If you have any concerns please seek the advice of your healthcare practitioner immediately.

Few illnesses are more common than the cold. Colds can affect people of all ages, but infants and children generally catch colds more often than adults. However, there are steps you can take to make them feel more comfortable if you notice cold or flu symptoms in children. They will typically average 5-10 colds a year, with symptoms lasting around 10 days. 39-41

Thankfully, coughs and colds in children are rarely serious and most colds get better on their own without treatment.

What causes colds?

There are many causes and contributing factors such as:

  • Viruses.
    The most common is the rhinovirus – there are over 100 varieties 40
  • Direct transmission.
    Cold viruses stay active on the hands of a person with a cold for about three hours. If they touch another person, and the other person then touches their own eyes, nose, or mouth, the cold virus spreads39
  • Indirect transmission.
    Some cold viruses can live on surfaces such as countertops and doorknobs for up to two to three hours 40,42
  • Inhaling viral particles.
    Viruses can be exhaled into the air by the infected person coughing or sneezing, and then inhaled by another person 39

The best way to avoid catching a cold is by frequent hand washing. It’s also a good idea to keep children away from sick people and wipe household surfaces and toys with disinfectants. 39,40

Tips to manage colds

When your child is displaying symptoms of a cold, making them feel better is your top priority.

Here are four ways that may help:

  • Inhale steam from the shower. Avoid using a bowl of hot water as the steam may burn the lining of the nose and the hot water can be easily spilled41
  • Try saline drops (saltwater nose drops) or a nasal spray (followed by bulb suction for infants) to ease breathing 43
  • Make sure they drink plenty of fluids and get enough sleep 39,43
  • Give them some soup – research has shown it may help the inflammation seen in cold infections and temporarily clear nasal passages. 41,43

Cough and cold medicines and certain flu treatment should not be given to children younger than six years old.

When to call the doctor

If your child experiences any of the following, you should seek advice from your doctor: 44,45

  • Refuses to drink fluids;
  • Vomits frequently;
  • Complains of an intense headache or earache;
  • Has difficulty breathing;
  • Has a persistent cough;
  • Coughs up rusty coloured or blood-stained phlegm;
  • Has a temperature higher than 38.5⁰C;
  • Shows no improvement in 48 hours;
  • Has muscular pains;
  • Has a skin rash;
  • Feels pain in the eye when looking at light.

In most cases, with a little tender loving care and plenty of tissues, the common cold in children will leave on its own.

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